Order of Quarantine; Plum Pox Virus
[32 Pa.B. 4045]
Whereas, the Plant Pest Act (3 P. S. §§ 258.1--258.27) empowers the Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture (PDA) to take various measures to detect, contain and eradicate plant pests in this Commonwealth; and
Whereas, the powers granted PDA under the Plant Pest Act include (at 3 P. S. § 258.21) the power to establish quarantines to prevent the dissemination of plant pests within this Commonwealth; and
Whereas, Plum Pox Virus--a plant pest indigenous to Europe--is a serious plant pest that injures and damages stone fruits such as peaches, nectarines, plums, and apricots by drastically reducing the fruit yields from these stone fruit trees and by disfiguring the fruit to the point it is unmarketable; and
Whereas, as a result of the presence of Plum Pox Virus in several townships and boroughs, PDA has issued a series of quarantine orders establishing and adjusting a quarantine area; and
Whereas, to date these quarantine orders have established a quarantine area covering the following:
1. Adams County: Latimore Township and Huntington Township (29 Pa.B. 5735--November 6, 1999)
2. Cumberland County: South Middleton Township (30 Pa.B. 3269--July 1, 2000)
3. Adams and Cumberland Counties: Dickinson Township (Cumberland County) and portions of Menallen Township and Tyrone Township (Adams County)(30 Pa.B. 4357--August 19, 2000)
4. Adams and Cumberland Counties: the Borough of York Springs (Adams County) and the Borough of Mount Holly Springs (Cumberland County) (30 Pa.B. 5852--November 11, 2000)
5. York County: Washington Township and Franklin Township (31 Pa.B. 3560--July 7, 2001)
6. Cumberland County: Southampton Township (31 Pa.B. 3559--July 7, 2001)
7. Franklin County: Quincy Township and the Borough of Mont Alto (31 Pa.B. 5117--September 8, 2001)
Whereas, Plum Pox Virus has since been detected on stone fruit trees located in Monaghan Township and Conewago Township, York County--areas adjoining or near the current quarantine area; and
Whereas, Plum Pox Virus has the potential to cause serious damage to the stone fruit production industry within this Commonwealth; and
Whereas, Plum Pox Virus is transmitted from infected trees by aphids and by budding or grafting, and can be spread into new areas by movement of infected nursery stock; and
Whereas, the movement of Plum Pox Virus-infected fruit trees poses a danger to stone fruit trees in non-infected areas; and
Whereas, there is no known control for Plum Pox Virus other than destruction of infected trees.
Now, therefore, under authority of Section 21 of the Plant Pest Act (act of December 16, 1992, P. L. 1228, No. 162)(3 P. S. § 258.21), the Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture hereby establishes a quarantine effective in the following areas:
1. Monaghan Township, York County; and
2. Conewago Township, York County.
This quarantine prohibits the movement of stone fruit trees and stone fruit budwood within the quarantined area, and prohibits the movement of stone fruit trees and stone fruit budwood out of the quarantined area.
This quarantine order also prohibits the planting of stone fruit trees (apricot, nectarine, peach and plum) in the quarantined area. This prohibition applies to both fruit-bearing and ornamental varieties of stone fruit trees. Examples of common varieties of ornamental stone fruit trees include purpleleaf plum, flowering almond, flowering peach, purpleleaf sandcherry, flowering cherry, and weeping cherry.
PDA will consult with the United States Department of Agriculture, European experts and scientific authorities with respect to the most efficacious measures by which to contain and eliminate this serious plant pest. PDA will issue further restrictions under authority of this Quarantine Order, as is required under the Plant Pest Act (at 3 P. S. § 258.21(a)). These restrictions may address aphid control, elimination or reduction of aphid habitat, destruction of Plum Pox Virus-infected stone fruit trees and budwood, destruction of endangered or exposed stone fruit trees or budwood and any other measures necessary to the containment and elimination of the Plum Pox Virus in this Commonwealth.
This Order applies to commercial orchards, commercial nurseries, homeowners and all persons within the quarantine areas described above.
This quarantine is effective as of July 23, 2002.
SAMUEL E. HAYES, Jr.
[Pa.B. Doc. No. 02-1426. Filed for public inspection August 16, 2002, 9:00 a.m.]
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