Pennsylvania Code & Bulletin
COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA

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The Pennsylvania Code website reflects the Pennsylvania Code changes effective through 52 Pa.B. 6342 (October 1, 2022).

22 Pa. Code § 405.42. Program day and developmentally appropriate instructional practices and activities.

§ 405.42. Program day and developmentally appropriate instructional practices and activities.

 Instructional time for students shall be time in the program devoted to developmentally appropriate instructional practices and activities provided as an integral part of the Program under the direction of qualified employees.

   (1)  The following practices and activities, as described in the early learning standards in §  4.20 (relating to prekindergarten education), count towards instructional time:

     (i)   Classroom instruction.

     (ii)   Orientation of children during regular school hours to the Program, Program setting and Program routines conducted.

     (iii)   Meals and snack-time, as long as they are integral parts of the curriculum, facilitated by the lead teacher and used for student learning experiences.

     (iv)   Play-time, including outdoor and indoor play or child directed activities as long as they are an integral part of the instructional day, facilitated by the lead teacher and used for student learning.

     (v)   Time spent at the library, and in art, music or physical education.

     (vi)   Opening exercises that engage children, including opening circle time, in preparation for the day.

     (vii)   School, group or class educational trips to which admission is not charged to students or parents and provided that a teacher accompanies the students.

     (viii)   Student services, such as guidance and counseling services, psychological services, speech pathology and audiology services, and student health services.

     (ix)   Civil defense, fire, bus evacuation and similar drills.

     (x)   Early dismissal and delayed opening only when due to inclement weather.

   (2)  Time spent in transportation, professional development and parent/teacher conferences does not count as instructional time.

   (3)  In addition to the activities described in subsection (a), home visiting may be counted toward required instructional time, provided that the home visits are of sufficient frequency and duration for each child to constitute the equivalent of classroom hours missed and that this activity has been approved by the Department in advance of implementation.



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